Energy efficiency, renewable resources (their application) and energy strate-gies in Kosovo

AuthorValdet Gashi
PositionEuropean University of Tirana
Vol. 1 No. 1
January 2017
European Journal of Economics, Law and Social Sciences
IIPCCL Publishing, Graz-Austria
ISSN 2519-1284
Acces online at
Energy e ciency, renewable resources (their application) and energy strate-
gies in Kosovo
PhD (C.) Valdet Gashi
European University of Tirana
Management of energy e ciency, exploitation of renewable energy resources (RES) and
the improvement of e cient use of energy by the end users (EE) can contribute in reducing
primary energy consumption, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, thus preventing dangerous
climate change. Untapped potential of biomass, solar energy, hydro energy, wind energy
and geothermal resources is still high. However, in recent years, due to the signif‌i cant
public incentives in the form of feed in tari s, in many European countries the development
of this sector has been continuously increased. The EU approved its strategy to combat
climate change and approved a plan for a sustainable European growth in 2020, which sets
ambitious objectives in terms of energy (the so-called 20-20-20 objective). Moving towards an
economy emi ing less carbon requires a public sector able to identify and support economic
opportunities. In particular, the local public sector can play a strategic role as a manager of the
territory and the last executor of public policies. Therefore, in the f‌i eld of sustainable energy,
it is necessary to strengthen the capacities of local public sector by delegating functions to its
Keywords: Energy e ciency, renewable resources, energy strategy, Kosovo.
Energy is the physical size that represents the working capacity of a ma er (body).
Energy (like materia) can neither be created nor destroyed, rather it transforms from
one form to another (Berisha, 2007, 12). The Law No. 03/L-184 on Energy, which
in total includes 35 articles and 9 chapters, has been approved in the Republic of
Kosovo. Energy sector, especially the one for generation of electricity, continues to be
one of the most problematic sectors in Kosovo. Consumers, such as households and
businesses are facing with poor quality and unreliable supply of electricity, which has
become the barrier to economic development.
The purpose of this paper is to assess the current state of energy, taking into account
the energy and its resources for energy consumption in general. Application of
e ciency, energy management and changes subsequent to the application of measures
of energy e ciency are measures that would impact on improving the quality of
energy services. Another element of the purpose of the paper is the handling the
application of energy e ciency, and that the use of renewable energy sources will
signif‌i cantly reduce the cost of electricity and dust emissions will be reduced by more
than 90%, those of SOx and NOx by 70% and there will be no increase in carbon
dioxide emissions per unit of electricity produced.

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