Key findings and FRA opinions

AuthorEuropean Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (EU body or agency)
Key f‌indings and FRA opinions
New technologies have profoundly changed how we organise and live
our lives. In particular, new data-driven technologies have spurred the
development of artif‌icial intelligence (AI), including increased automation of
tasks usually carried out by humans. The COVID-19 health crisis has boosted
AI adoption and data sharing – creating new opportunities, but also challenges
and threats to human and fundamental rights.
Developments in AI have received wide attention by the media, civil
society, academia, human rights bodies and policymakers. Much of that
attention focuses on its potential to support economic growth. How different
technologies can affect fundamental rights has received less attention. To
date, we do not yet have a large body of empirical evidence about the wide
range of rights AI implicates, or about the safeguards needed to ensure that
the use of AI complies with fundamental rights in practice.
On 19 February 2020, the European Commission published aWhite Paper on
Artif‌icial Intelligence– AEuropean approach to excellence and trust. It outlines
the main principles of afuture EU regulatory framework for AI in Europe.
The White Paper notes that it is vital that such aframework is grounded in
the EU’s fundamental values, including respect for human rights–Article 2
of the Treaty on European Union (TEU).
This report supports that goal by analysing fundamental rights implications
when using artif‌icial intelligence. Based on concrete ‘use cases’ of AI
in selected areas, it focuses on the situation on the ground in terms of
fundamental rights challenges and opportunities when using AI.

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