Contemporary civil aviation security challenges

AuthorBejtush Gashi
PositionDean of the Faculty of Public Safety (Kosovo)
Pages54-68
54
Vol. 6 No.1
May, 2020
Balkan Journal of Interdisciplinary Research
IIPCCL Publishing, Graz-Austria
ISSN 2410-759X
Acces online at www.iipccl.org
Contemporary civil aviation security challenges
Prof. Asoc. Dr. Bejtush Gashi
Dean of the Faculty of Public Safety (Kosovo)
Abstract
Civil aviation security is a strategic objective of states, while airports, airplanes and other
means of transport represent substitute objectives, as contemporary threats are unrelated to
geographical boundaries. It is violent acts that have created uncertainty and contributed to a
marked improvement in the safety and regularity of air transport in recent years.
Protecting civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference requires constant vigilance in the
development and implementation of positive safeguards by international organizations and
state institutions. There is a clear need for enhanced security (application of measures) at all
stages of the process related to the transport of persons and their belongings carried on board
aircra and luggage. It is also necessary to use equipment for reading personal identi cation
documents of passengers and airplane crews in order to strengthen fraud resistance with
forged passports, as well as high cooperation among states to strengthen fraud resistance. All
of these measures are undoubtedly in the service of detecting terrorists in order to prevent acts
of unlawful interference.
Civil aviation security is an issue with vital interest in the security sector in the Republic of
Kosovo. There can be no real security if there do not have security in the eld of civil aviation,
therefore, with this paper we will try to elaborate the concept of civil aviation security as a
new eld for the institutions of the Republic of Kosovo. Since this area was reserved before the
declaration of independence, following the entry into force of the Constitution of the Republic
of Kosovo, the Ministry of Internal A airs is responsible for providing Civil Aviation in the
Republic of Kosovo based on the Law on Civil Aviation.
Keywords: Security, Civil Aviation, Terrorist Acts, Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Internal
A airs.
Introduction
The terrorist a acks of 9/11 2001 marked the beginning of a new era in the modern
history of humanity. This period is characterized by instability, unpredictability and
reorganization of complex systems, including traditional challenges and new types
of threats. Of particular importance and the most dangerous is, beyond all doubt,
the emergence of terrorism as a true global threat. In the 21st century, terrorism has
evolved into a major geopolitical factor, capable of causing global systematic crisis.
Traditional threats and risks in the civil aviation industry can be: aircra h ackings,
aircra sabotage and airport sabotage, terrorist a acks on airports and airport sec-
tions, as well as acts of unlawful actions in aviation.
The proposals that emerged for security policies in the eld of civil aviation a er
the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 were not mandatory for every country. Therefore,
these policies were not implemented by all countries. However, the events of 9/11
2001 resulted in signi cant policy changes in civil aviation safety. Entry into force of
Regulation 2320/20022for Europe and the Government of the United States of Amer-

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