Empirical review of the relationship between performance and cash flows - Case of Albania

AuthorJuna Dafa - Ingrid Shuli - Xheni Xhaferaj
PositionFaculty of Economy, University of Tirana, Albania - Faculty of Economy, University of Tirana, Albania - Ernst&Young - Albania
Balkan Journal of Interdisciplinary Research
IIPCCL Publishing, Graz-Austria
ISSN 2410-759X
Acces online at www.iipccl.org
Vol. 6 No.2
September, 2020
Empırıcal revıew of the relatıonshıp between performance and cash ows –
Case of Albanıa
Ph.D. (C) Juna Dafa
Faculty of Economy, University of Tirana, Albania
Prof. Dr. Ingrid Shuli
Faculty of Economy, University of Tirana, Albania
MSc. Xheni Xhaferaj
Ernst&Young - Albania
The accurate evaluation of the company’s performance has a greater value for investors,
shareholders, and creditors but also for all users of accounting information. Pro t is an
indicator of an entity's performance. Cash ows represent the liquidity of the company. This
study aimed to investigate empirically the relationship between Net Pro t and Cash Flows,
for 45 companies that adopt IFRSs in Albania. The data were obtained manually from the
published audited nancial statements for years 2017 and 2018. The relationship between Net
pro t and CFO, CFI, and CFF is analyzed through the regression model.Net income is the
dependent variable,as a measure of the company’s performance, while CFO, CFI, and CFF
are independent variables. This study revealed that there is a positive signi cant relationship
between net income and CFO, There is a positive, but not statistically signi cant relationship
between Net income and CFI.
Keywords: Cash ow from operations, Cash ow from investments, Cash ow from nancing
activities, nancial performance, cash ow statement.
Jel code: M41
The accurate evaluation of the company’s performance is of great importance not
only to investors, shareholders, and creditors but also to all other users of accounting
information. Company’s performance is in uenced by many factors such as
investment, nancing, and operating policies.
The fact that a company has a positive performance does not mean that it has
su cient liquidity. Pro t, as an integral part of the performance indicator, is the
object of numerous management manipulations. This is aimed at a racting potential
investors, retaining existing ones, convincing creditors that liabilities to them will be
repaid on time etc. Pro t manipulation is generally accomplished by the use of various
accounting policies during the preparation of the nancial statements. Accountants
can manipulate pro ts through accrued revenues, bad debt recognition, provision
recognition, etc., i.e mainly through accrual accounting.

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