Sexual Harassment at Work: A European Experience

AuthorArtan Çela
PositionAlbanian Power Corporation
Pages80-91
ISSN 2410-3918 Academic Journal of Business, Administration, Law and Social Sciences Vol 1 No 1
Acces online at www.iipccl.org IIPCCL Publishing, Tirana-Albania March 2015
80
Sexual Harassment at Work: A European Experience
Artan Çela
Albanian Power Corporation
Abstract
Unwelcome sexual advances, proposition or pressure for sexual activity, oensive irtations,
leering, whistling, making sexually suggestive gestures, sexual jokes, unwanted sexual looks,
unwanted letters, telephone call, or materials of a sexual nature, unwanted physical contact, actual
or attempting rape or sexual assault, this and more of this conduct if took place in the workplace
would amount to a sexual harassment. e sexual harassment at work has become a serious issue
of our time. It is an unjustied interference of integrity, dignity and well-being of workers, causing
problems from headaches to depression, loss of condence, panic attacks and perhaps suicide as
the only way appearing to be the sole possible relief from the unremitting and frightening behavior.
is article presents information concerning the sexual harassment at workplace, covering topics
such as, the denitions for sexual harassment in both international and national context, a short
history of sexual harassment, types of sexual harassment, eect of sexual harassment, measure to
combat and prevent sexual harassment. It oers a short overview in sexual harassment legislation of
some industrialized EU Member States and the legal remedies available against sexual harassment.
e main purpose of this article is to provide a better understanding and prevention concerning
the issue of sexual harassment in workplace.
Keywords: sexual harassment, sexual blackmail, rape, sexual assault, discrimination.
Introduction
e dierent forms of sexual harassment, from verbal to physical forms, make this concept
dicult to understand and recognize. For this reason, the objective of this article is to
provide information concerning the sexual harassment at workplace, denition of sexual
harassment, types of sexual harassment, eect of sexual harassment, measures to combat
and prevent sexual harassment. It oers a short overview of the legislation concerning
sexual harassment in some industrialized EU Member States, such as France, Germany,
Italy and United Kingdom which have been selected to provide a diversity of systems, in
legal terms. is article is divided into eight parts, including introduction and concluding
remarks.
History of Sexual Harassment
Sexual harassment is a new name describing an old problem. Generations of women have
suered from unwanted sexual attention at work and from oensive behavior based on
their gender. But it is only in the last 20 years that this conduct has been given a name
(ILO, 1992, 7). From a historical perspective, the phenomenon of sexual harassment at
workplace goes a long way back. It reects the subordinate position of women in the

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