The historical significance of the Trepça mine in the Region of Stan-Terg during the twentieth century

AuthorMustafë Haziri
IIPCCL Publishing, Tirana-Albania
Academic Journal of Business, Administration, Law and Social Sciences Vol. 1 No. 3
November 2015
ISSN 2410-3918
Acces online at
The historical significance of the Trepça mine in the Region of Stan-Terg
during the twentieth century
Mustafë Haziri
The historical significance of the Trepça’s mine in Stan-Terg is so big, that it is impossible to be
presented in this scientific paper, because of its historic, economic and social character. This
paper analyses chronologically the importance of Trepça mine, focusing with particular
emphasis on the period of the twentieth century where in 1926 the first research that was
implemented by the British government began. In 1930 began the modern exploitation of
Trepça which was followed by some union movements which lasted until 1939. In 1941, Trepça
fell into the hands of the nazi regime of Germany. Other aspects of this work include the
period of the Second World War, when the nationalization of property was implemented during
the communist regime in former Yugoslavia until the great strike of 1989.
Keywords: Kosovo, Trepça, history, politics, economy.
Trepça mine is considered one of the greatest producers of zinc in Europe. It has a
long history that dates since the Illyrians until nowadays (Dushi, 2002, 9). It is difficult
to write about the past of Trepça because there are few original sources, especially
during the period of ancient mining and medieval period. The most reliable source
for the ancient period of Trepça is given by Davies (Davies, 1935, 12) with his study
‘’Romans in Europe’’ that described the exercise of mining by the Romans in Europe.
Simic on the other hand gives evidence about mining in this region even before the
Romans (Simic, 1951, 7).
In the written history, Trepça’s name is mentioned in the archive documents of
Dubrovnik in 1303 (Vavic, 1969, 3). In medieval documents this mining town is known
as Trepça, Trepice, Tripce, Tripuza, Trepza. The first miners came from Saxony. They
worked in Trepça until the beginning of the fifteenth century. In 1402 they moved in
the Srebrenice mine in Bosnia (Dushi, 2002, 9). It is not known exactly in what
condition, the Turks found Trepça but it is known that for the Ottoman empire the
gold- and silvermines were very important. Trepça mines were declared imperial
property which were exempt from paying ransom, however Trepça up to 1455 was
considered part of Serbian despot (Kostic, 1985, 45).
History of Trepça during the twentieth century
The history of Trepça is connected with the fight of the most powerful states of the
time with the aim to control this mine. In 1920, the British entered into negotiations
with the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, with the aim of opening new mines
(Haziri, 2011, 14). The British bought the Trepça mining concessions by the Yugoslav

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