The influence of National Identities in the labor market Critical discussion

AuthorErion Avllazagaj
PositionUniversiteti 'Aleksandër Xhuvani'
ISSN 2410-759X
Acces online at
Balkan Journal of Interdisciplinary Research
IIPCCL Publishing, Tirana-Albania Vol. 1 No. 3
January 2016
The influence of National Identities in the labor market Critical
PhD (C.) Erion Avllazagaj
Universiteti “Aleksandër Xhuvani”
In the Institute for the Study of Labor Studies of the influence of ethnic identity is examined
for the situation of migrant women in the German labor market. For that reason, ethnic
identity is first defined upon differences, based on a model from social psychology in
four forms. These are: assimilation, integration, marginalization and separation.
Based on this classification bivalent scheme the degree of national identity concerning
various criteria have to be compared with the result on the labor market, in order to
make visible the impact of ethnic identity in different labor market situations. The process
comes to some concrete results - for example, assimilation is not necessarily an advantage
for those affected over integration process.
Keywords: Assimilation, Integration, Separation, National Identity.
Two spheres collide when correlations between identity and employment come in
discussed. Identity run as a concept in various scientific disciplines, as part of
sociology, cultural or psychology studies. Work emerges naturally in the economy,
or for example in sociology. If we bring both terms in context, of first basal questions
must be answered: what level the concepts can be compared? Which are the respective
definitions? Definitions of what science fields are useful?
In migration studies there are different approaches that are dedicated to the theme
of integration and generally the participation in the labor market is a factor for the
evaluation of (successful) integration. Another factor, which is, however, much
more difficult to operate, is national or ethnic identity of the persons itself. Both
concepts are here so subordinate under the term integration. They therefore do not
function in such a model as independent factors but are reduced to their function
as integration highlights.
This is not bad, because certainly the attempt is sensible to make integration
assessable, however, this approach does not intend to relate the two concepts directly
with each other.
One way to answer the question of a relationship between national identity and
the successful participation in the labor market is maybe that one which can be
describe in various disciplinary approaches that can be analyze or compared in
order to eventually develop an adequate stand-alone approach. The following analyze
is divided into three sections.
In the first one is intended the argument is ever a relationship between ethnic identity
and the situation of migrants in the labor market (Constant, Amelie F.; Kahanec, Martin;
Rinne, Ulf; Zimmermann, Klaus F.: „Ethnicity, Job Search and Labor Market, Bonn 2009)
In the second chapter, is presented by the authors the instrument which measure

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