The need to discuss ethical issues raised by Connected and Automated
Vehicles (CAVs) at European level was recommended by the Ethics Task
Force, a Member State initiative that was set up aer the second High Level
Meeting of EU Transport Ministers, the European Commission and Industry
on Connected and Automated Driving in Frankfurt, September 2017
. As
such, in its 2018 Communication On the Road to Automated Mobility: An EU
Strategy for Mobility of the Future
, the European Commission announced the
creation of a Commission Expert Group to advise on specif‌ic ethical issues
raised by driverless mobility.
The work of this Independent Expert
Group started in June 2019, with the
goal of providing practical support to
relevant researchers, policymakers and CAV
manufacturers and deployers in the safe
and responsible transition to connected
and automated mobility. This Expert Group
consisted of 14 experts from the f‌ields of
ethics, law, philosophy and CAVs from all
over Europe, working independently and in
the public interest.
This report aims to promote a safe and
responsible transition to connected
and automated vehicles by supporting
stakeholders in the systematic inclusion of
ethical considerations in the development and
regulation of CAVs. This report provides 20
recommendations to support researchers,
policymakers and CAV manufacturers and
deployers in dealing with a variety of ethical
issues raised by connected and automated
mobility. From June 2019 to June 2020, the
Expert Group had six formal meetings to
identify the issues to include in the report,
and to discuss, deliberate, and dra the
recommendations. One of these meetings
took the form of a stakeholder workshop
that aimed to foster a participatory
approach in the preparation of the f‌inal
report. The workshop gathered a variety
of researchers, policymakers, associations
and industry experts, who received a dra
report with recommendations upon which
they could propose revisions. This served as
the basis for discussion during the workshop.
The report builds upon existing reports5,
such as the AI High Level Expert Group
Guidelines for Trustworthy AI (AIHLEG),
the European Group on Ethics in
Science and New Technologies (EGE)
statement on Artif‌icial Intelligence, Robotics
and Autonomous Systems, the Ethics
Task Force’s report and the Expert
Group report on Liability and New
Technologies, this Expert Group proposes
recommendations to include ethical, societal,
and legal considerations for the safe and
responsible development of CAVs. Some
of these recommendations may be used
to develop new regulations concerning the
development and use of CAVs.
15Ethics of Connected and Automated Vehicles

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