EASO Asylum Report 2020
Facing an 11 % increase in the number of applications for international protect ion lodged in
Europe in 2019, countries responded to changing migratory patterns by introducing new
measures or practices throughout the year to ensure effective implementation of the European
asylum acquis. Some countries, such as Cyprus, France, Greece, Malta and Spain, received more
asylum applicants in 2019 than during the migration crisis of 2015. Urgent measures were put in
place to address an influx of migrants, disembarkations and rising backlogs of pending cases,
while endeavouring to protect the rights of asylum seekers and share responsibility amongst
Member States.
As the go-to source of information on international protection in Europe, the EASO Asylum Report
series provides a comprehensive overview each year of key developments in asylum in European
Union Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (EU+ countries). All aspects of
the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) are covered step by step by summarising changes to
legislation, policy and practice at the European and national levels. The report presents selected case
law which has shaped the interpretation of European and national laws, as well as key indicators for
the 2019 reference year which highlight emerging trends and measure the e ffectiveness of asylum
Global, European and national trends and events shaped developments in asylum in 2 019. To set the
scene, Section 1 presents an overview of forced displacement globally. It addresses the international
              
the world stage: statelessness and displacement due to environmental factors. The sect ion also
presents the outcomes of the first Global Refugee Forum, which was organised in December 2019 to
build solidarity between refugees and host countries.
Section 2 narrows in on the context in the European U nion, presenting the evolution of CEAS and
major developments in legislation and policy at the EU level. The new European Commission kept
migration high among its priorities and the section provides updates on building a more structured
solution for disembarkations through the Central Mediterranean route. It details EU initiatives under
the European Agenda on Migration and jurisprudence by the Court of Justice of the E U (CJEU) in the
area of international protection.
As the centre of expertise on asylum, EASO provides technical and operational assistance to Member
States to manage the influx of applicants and share best practices. Section 3 outlines the role EASO
plays in building capacity and fostering the exchange of information. It describes the a 
partnerships and work with third countries to establish or reinforce their national asylum systems s.
P  EA“O        E  
international protection needs, are described.
The overall number of asylum applications increased in 2019 but different stories unfolded at the
country level. Some asylum and reception systems were heavily taxed, while other countries handled
far fewer cases than in 2018. Section 4 presents the latest published data on key indicators to identify
and monitor trends in countries receiving asylum applicants and countries of origin. It outlines the
main trends in applications received, countries of origin of applicants, withdrawn applications,
decisions on applications and pending c ases. A special sub -section looks deeper into socio-economic
indicators which can influence trends in asylum.

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