European Financial Management

Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
2021-02-01
ISBN:
1354-7798

Latest documents

  • Growth options and firm valuation

    This paper studies the relationship between firm value and a firm's growth options. We find strong empirical evidence that Tobin's Q increases with firm‐level volatility. The significance mainly comes from R&D firms, which have more growth options than non‐R&D firms. By decomposing firm‐level volatility into its systematic and unsystematic part, we document that only idiosyncratic volatility has a significant effect on valuation. Second, we analyze the relation of stock returns to realized contemporaneous idiosyncratic volatility and R&D expenses. Sorting on idiosyncratic volatility yields a significant negative relationship between portfolio alphas and contemporaneous idiosyncratic volatility for non‐R&D portfolios.

  • Monetary policy uncertainty, positions of traders and changes in commodity futures prices

    This paper examines the sensitivity of commodity price changes to monetary policy uncertainty. We find evidence that the response of commodity price changes hinges on the sign of the monetary policy shock, the level of monetary policy uncertainty as well as a recession dummy. Uncertainty associated with negative monetary policy shocks leads to a decrease in commodity prices and excess speculative activity. The results from estimating an asset pricing model suggest that monetary policy uncertainty appears not to be a priced risk factor in the cross‐section of commodity price changes.

  • Non‐myopic portfolio choice with unpredictable returns: The jump‐to‐default case

    If a risky asset is subject to a jump‐to‐default event, the investment horizon affects the optimal portfolio rule, even if the asset returns are unpredictable. The optimal rule solves a non‐linear differential equation that, by not depending on the investor's pre‐default value function, allows for its direct computation. Importantly for financial planners offering portfolio advice for the long term, tiny amounts of constant jump‐to‐default risk induce marked time variation in the optimal portfolios of long‐run conservative investors. Our results are robust to the introduction of multiple non‐defaultable risky assets.

  • Issue Information: European Financial Management 2/2018
  • Negative bubbles: What happens after a crash

    We study crashes using data from 101 global stock markets from 1692 to 2015. Extremely large, annual stock market declines are typically followed by positive returns. This is not true for smaller declines. This pattern does not appear to be driven by institutional frictions, financial crises, macroeconomic shocks, political conflicts, or survivorship issues.

  • Pricing Sovereign Debt: Foreign versus Local Parameters

    Sovereign bonds may be issued under either local or foreign parameters. This decision involves a tradeoff between the sovereign retaining discretion in managing the issue and relinquishing control to third parties. Examining three key bond parameters − governing law, currency, and stock exchange listing − we find that investors generally consider foreign‐parameter debt to be less risky than comparable local‐parameter debt issued by same sovereign. By matching the foreign‐ and local‐parameter bonds of sovereigns that have issued both, we find that, with few exceptions, both investment grade and non‐investment grade sovereigns are able to issue their foreign‐parameter bonds at relatively lower yields.

  • Optimal ownership structure in private equity

    We develop a tractable model to analyse the valuation of a general partner (GP) and the ownership allocation in a private equity (PE) fund. Our results indicate that holding ownership will increase GP's value. We further explore the influential factors that affect GP's optimal ownership decision. Our model predicts that GP's managerial skill has positive effects on GP's shareholding choice. Factors such as leverage, unspanned risks, GP's compensation have negative impacts on GP ownership decision. The fund's maturity has a non‐monotonic and concave influence. Moreover, the widely used performance measures implied by our model are consistent with empirical findings.

  • Market‐based estimates of implicit government guarantees in European financial institutions

    I exploit the price differential of credit default swap (CDS) contracts written on debts with different levels of seniority to measure the implicit government guarantees enjoyed by European financial institutions from 2005 to 2013. I determine that the aggregate guarantee increased substantially during the recent financial crises and peaked at an average of 89 bps in 2011. My analysis suggests that the extent of implicit support depends on the type of financial institutions and there exists a eurozone effect. Further investigation of feedback relationship shows that the guarantee implicitly offered by a government positively ‘Granger causes’ the sovereign's default risk.

  • Consistent valuation of project finance and LBOs using the flows‐to‐equity method

    The flows‐to‐equity method is used to value transactions where debt amortizes according to a fixed schedule, requiring a formula that links the changing leverage with a time‐varying equity discount rate. We show that extant formulas yield incorrect valuations because they are inconsistent with the basic assumptions of this method. The error from using the wrong formula can be large, especially at currently low interest rates. We derive a formula that captures the effects of a fixed debt plan, potentially expensive debt, and costs of financial distress. We resolve an important issue about what to use as the cost of debt.

  • Maximum diversification strategies along commodity risk factors

    Pursuing risk‐based allocation across a universe of commodity assets, we find diversified risk parity (DRP) strategies to provide convincing results. DRP strives for maximum diversification along uncorrelated risk sources. A straightforward way to derive uncorrelated risk sources relies on principal components analysis (PCA). While the ensuing statistical factors can be associated with commodity sector bets, the corresponding DRP strategy entails excessive turnover because of the instability of the PCA factors. We suggest an alternative design of the DRP strategy relative to common commodity risk factors that implicitly allows for a uniform exposure to commodity risk premia.

Featured documents

  • The Investment CAPM

    A new class of Capital Asset Pricing Models (CAPM) arises from the first principle of real investment for individual firms. Conceptually as ‘causal’ as the consumption CAPM, yet empirically more tractable, the investment CAPM emerges as a leading asset pricing paradigm. Firms do a good job in...

  • Pricing Sovereign Debt: Foreign versus Local Parameters

    Sovereign bonds may be issued under either local or foreign parameters. This decision involves a tradeoff between the sovereign retaining discretion in managing the issue and relinquishing control to third parties. Examining three key bond parameters − governing law, currency, and stock exchange...

  • Monetary policy uncertainty, positions of traders and changes in commodity futures prices

    This paper examines the sensitivity of commodity price changes to monetary policy uncertainty. We find evidence that the response of commodity price changes hinges on the sign of the monetary policy shock, the level of monetary policy uncertainty as well as a recession dummy. Uncertainty associated ...

  • Financial Hedging and Firm Performance: Evidence from Cross‐border Mergers and Acquisitions

    Using a sample of 1,369 cross‐border acquisitions announced by Standard & Poor's 1500 firms between 2000 and 2014, we find strong evidence that derivatives users experience higher announcement returns than non‐users, which translates into a US$ 193.7 million shareholder gain for an average‐sized...

  • More than Just Contrarians: Insider Trading in Glamour and Value Firms

    This study examines the patterns of, and long‐run returns to, directors’ (insiders’) trades along the value‐glamour continuum in all stocks listed on the main London Stock Exchange and analyses what these directors’ trades add to a naïve value‐glamour strategy. We consider alternative definitions...

  • Envy‐Motivated Merger Waves

    This study examines whether top managerial executive envy plays an important role in merger waves. Since managerial benefits, especially compensation, always increase with firm size, the envy hypothesis conjectures that top executive officers rush into acquisitions due to their envious psychology...

  • Private Equity Lemons?Evidence on Value Creation in Secondary Buyouts

    This paper analyses whether secondary buyouts have a value creation profile and offer equity returns different from those of primary buyouts. Using a sample of 2,456 buyout transactions (including 448 secondary buyouts), we find no evidence that secondary buyouts generate lower equity returns or...

  • The Revealed Preference of Sophisticated Investors

    Berk and van Binsbergen (2016) have shown that the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) best represents the revealed preferences of any investor who can invest in mutual funds (i.e., all investors). This claim seems overly broad, as it applies to all asset classes. However, we show that hedge fund...

  • Heterogeneity in the Speed of Capital Structure Adjustment across Countries and over the Business Cycle

    This study analyses the heterogeneity in the speed of capital structure adjustment. Using a doubly‐censored Tobit estimator that accounts for mechanical mean reversion in leverage ratios, the speed of adjustment is 25% per year in a large international sample, supporting the economic relevance of...

  • The Manipulation Potential of Libor and Euribor

    The London Interbank Offered Rate (Libor) and the Euro Interbank Offered Rate (Euribor) are two key benchmark interest rates used in a plethora of financial contracts. The integrity of the rate‐setting processes has been under intense scrutiny since 2007. We analyse Libor and Euribor submissions by ...

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