Chapter 10. Community trade mark courts and Community design courts

Author:Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market
Profession:European Commission
Pages:159-172
SUMMARY

A. Community trade mark courts. B. Community design courts.

 
INDEX
CONTENT

Page 159

A Community trade mark courts

Pursuant to Article 91 CTMR, the Member States shall designate Community trade mark courts of first and second instance that have the competences attributed to them under the CTMR. Pursuant to Article 101 (3) CTMR, a further action or appeal may be brought to a court of third instance if and to the extent that the relevant national law allows such action or appeal against decisions of its courts which are designated as CTM courts of second instance.

The Community trade mark courts are specialised national courts, entrusted with Community-wide jurisdiction on Community trade marks. The aim is to have, for each Member State, a number of such courts as limited as possible.

Pursuant to Article 92 CTMR, the CTM courts have exclusive jurisdiction for: actions for infringement of CTMs, actions for threatened infringement and declaration of non-infringement, if national law provides for such kind of actions, actions for claim of reasonable compensation for the use of a published CTM application (Article 9 (3) CTMR), counterclaims for revocation or declaration of invalidity of a CTM.

Pursuant to Article 91 (2) CTMR, each Member State had to notify to the European Commission before 15 March 1997 a list of the Community trade mark courts together with their names and their territorial jurisdiction. Likewise, any changes to that list have to be notified to the European Commission. As long as a Member State has not notified the list to the European Commission, the competence as referred to in Article 92 CTMR lies with the national courts which are competent, ratione loci and ratione materiae, in the case of proceedings concerning a national mark registered in that Member State, that is, as if the CTM were a national mark registered in that State (Article 91 (5) CTMR).

Any list and any amendment thereof notified by a Member State must be published by the European Commission in the Official Journal of the European Communities (Article 91 (4) CTMR). The Office will republish such notifications in its Official Journal. However, the effect that the courts notified by the Member State become competent instead of the courts normally competent for national trade marks is not dependent on this publication in the Official Journal of the European Communities.

The following table lists the Community trade mark courts as notified up to now by the Member States. Where applicable, the reference to the publication in the Official Journal of the European Communities or the Official Journal of the Office is given as well. The table, moreover, lists the Community trade mark courts which have merely been designated by the Member States in their national law without having been notified yet to the Commission.

Page 160

Member State
Community trade mark courts
Reference of Publication
Austria CTM court of first instance:
- Handelsgericht Wien
CTM court of second instance:
- Oberlandesgericht Wien
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
§ 69d (1), AT- TML
OJ OHIM
4/2000, p. 472
Belgium CTM court of first instance:
- Tribunal de Commerce de Bruxelles / Rechtbank van Koophandel te
Brussel
CTM court of second instance:
- Cour d'appel de Bruxelles / Hof van Beroep te Brussel
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 602 (1) of the Belgian Judicial Code and Article 5 of its Annex
OJ OHIM
9/1999,
p. 1141
Cyprus
Czech
Republic
CTM court of first instance:
- Mestský soud v Praze
CTM court of second instance:
- Vrchní soud v Praze
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 55, CZ-TML
Denmark CTM court of first instance:
- Sø- og Handelsretten, Copenhagen
CTM court of second instance:
- Højesteret, Copenhagen
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
§ 43a, DK-TML
OJ OHIM
9/1999,
p. 1141
Estonia CTM court of first instance:
- Harju Maakohus
CTM court of second instance:
- Tallinna Ringkonnakohus
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 715 of the Estonian Trade Marks Act

Page 161

Member State
Community trade mark courts
Reference of Publication
Finland CTM court of first instance:
- Helsingin Käräjäoikeus
CTM court of second instance:
- Helsingin Hovioikeus
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
§ 42, 3rd sentence, § 49, FI-TML
France CTM court of first instance:
- Tribunal de grande instance de Paris
CTM court of second instance:
- Cour d'appel de Paris
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 1, FR-DECREE No 2002-216
Germany CTM court of first instance:
- The following District Courts (Landgerichte)
* Landgericht Mannheim
* Landgericht Stuttgart
* Landgericht Nürnberg-Fürth
* Landgericht München I
* Landgericht Berlin
* Landgericht Bremen
* Landgericht Hamburg
* Landgericht Frankfurt am Main
* Landgericht Rostock
* Landgericht Braunschweig
* Landgericht Düsseldorf
* Landgericht Koblenz
* Landgericht Frankenthal (Pfalz)
* Landgericht Saarbrücken
* Landgericht Leipzig
* Landgericht Magdeburg
* Landgericht Kiel
* Landgericht Erfurt
CTM court of second instance:
- Higher Provincial Court (Oberlandesgericht) which is locally competent
for the respective district court, namely
* Oberlandesgericht Karlsruhe
* Oberlandesgericht Stuttgart
* Oberlandesgericht Nürnberg
* Oberlandesgericht München
* Kammergericht Berlin
* Hanseatisches Oberlandesgericht Bremen
* Hanseatisches Oberlandesgericht Hamburg
* Oberlandesgericht Frankfurt am Main
OJ OHIM
9/1999,
p. 1141,
OJ OHIM
12/2001,
p. 2151

Page 162

Member State
Community trade mark courts
Reference of Publication
* Oberlandesgericht Rostock
* Oberlandesgericht Braunschweig
* Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf
* Oberlandesgericht Koblenz
* Pfälzisches Oberlandesgericht Zweibrücken
* Saarländisches Oberlandesgericht Saarbrücken
* Oberlandesgericht Dresden
* Oberlandesgericht Naumburg
* Schleswig-Holsteinisches Oberlandesgericht
* Thüringer Oberlandesgericht
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
§ 125 e DE-TML
Greece CTM court of first instance:
* Tribunal de première instance d'Athènes
* Tribunal de première instance de Thessaloniki
CTM court of second instance:
* Cour d'appel d'Athènes
* Cour d'appel de Thessaloniki
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Law No 2943/2001, Chapter III, Art. 6-11
Hungary CD court of first instance:
- Fovárosi Biróság
CD court of second instance:
- Fovárosi Itélotábla
Article 76/H HU-TML
Ireland CTM court of first instance:
- the High Court
CTM court of second instance:
- the Supreme Court
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 7, IE-S.I. No. 229
Italy CTM court of first instance:
* Tribunale di Bari
* Tribunale di Bologna
* Tribunale di Catania
* Tribunale di Firenze
* Tribunale di Genova
* Tribunale di Milano
* Tribunale di Napoli

Page 163

Member State
Community trade mark courts
Reference of Publication
* Tribunale di Palermo
* Tribunale di Roma
* Tribunale di Torino
* Tribunale di Trieste
* Tribunale di Venezia
CTM court of second instance:
* Corte d'appello di Bari
* Corte d'appello di Bologna
* Corte d'appello di Catania
* Corte d'appello di Firenze
* Corte d'appello di Genova
* Corte d'appello di Milano
* Corte d'appello di Napoli
* Corte d'appello di Palermo
* Corte d'appello di Roma
* Corte d'appello di Torino
* Corte d'appello di Trieste
* Corte d'appello di Venezia
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 1 D Igs. 27/06/2003, n.168
Latvia
Lithuania CTM court of first instance:
- Vilniaus apygardos teismas
CTM court of second instance:
- Apeliacinis Teismas
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 49, part (2) 6, LT-TML
Article 301 part 3, Civil Code of the Republic of Lithuania
Luxembourg CTM court of first instance:
- Tribunal d'Arrondissement de Luxembourg
CTM court of second instance:
- Cour Supérieure de Justice
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Malta CTM court of first instance:
- First Hall of the Civil Court
CTM court of second instance:
- The Court of Appeal
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 9, L.N. 233 of 2003

Page 164

Member State
Community trade mark courts
Reference of Publication
Netherlands CTM court of first instance:
- Arrondissementsrechtbank te 's - Gravenhage
CTM court of second instance:
- Gerechtshof te 's - Gravenhage
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
OJ OHIM
9/1999,
p. 1141
Poland CT court of first instance:
- Sad Okregowy w Warszawie - Sad Wspólnotowych Znaków
Towarowych i Wzorów Przemyslowych
CTM court of second instance:
- Sad Apelacyjny w Warszawie
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Law of 16 April 2004 amending the law on the statute of the common courts
Portugal CTM court of first instance:
* Tribunal do Comércio de Lisboa
CTM court of second instance:
* Tribunal da Relação de Lisboa
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 40, PT- IP Code
Slovakia CTM court of first instance:
* Okresný súd v Bratislave I
* Okresný súd v Banskej Bystrici
* Okresný súd v Koziciach I
CTM court of second instance:
* Krajský súd v Bratislave
* Krajský súd v Banskej Bystrici
* Krajský súd v Koziciach
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 11 of the Act No 371/2004 Coll. on Seats and Circuits of the Courts in the Slovak
Republic
Slovenia CTM court of first instance:
- Okrozno sodizce v Ljubljani
CTM court of second instance:
- Vizje sodizce v Ljubljani
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Articles 101 (1) (II) (4) and 104 (1) of the Act on Courts (Official Gazette No 100/2005)

Page 165

Member State
Community trade mark courts
Reference of Publication
Spain CTM court of first instance:
- Juzgados de lo Mercantil de Alicante
CTM court of second instance:
- Audiencia Provincial de Alicante
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 2 (4) of the "Ley Orgánica 8/2003, de 9 de julio, para la Reforma Concursal, por la que se
modifica la Ley Orgánica 6/1985, de 1 de julio, del Poder Judicial"
Sweden CTM court of first instance:
- Stockholms tingsrätt
CTM court of second instance:
- Svea hovrätt, Stockholm
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
§ 67, SE-TML
OJ OHIM
9/1999,
p. 1141
United
Kingdom
CTM court of first instance:
(a) in England and Wales
* The High Court
* The Patents County Court
* Birmingham County Court
* Bristol County Court
* Cardiff County Court
* Leeds County Court
* Liverpool County Court
* Manchester County Court
* Newcastle upon Tyne County Court
(b) in Scotland
- The Court of Session
(c) in Northern Ireland
- The High Court
CTM court of second instance:
- The Court of Appeal
Notification in accordance with Article 91 (2) CTMR, addressed to the European Commission
The Community Trade Mark Regulations 2006

Page 166

B Community design courts

Pursuant to Article 80 CDR, the Member States shall designate Community design courts of first and second instance that have the competences attributed to them under the CDR. Pursuant to Article 92 (3) CDR, a further action or appeal may be brought to a court of third instance if and to the extent that the relevant national law allows such action or appeal against decisions of its courts which are designated as CD courts of second instance.

The Community design courts are like the Community trade mark courts specialised national courts, entrusted with Community-wide jurisdiction on Community IP Law. The aim is to have, for each Member State, a number of such courts as limited as possible.

Pursuant to Article 81 CDR, the CD courts have exclusive jurisdiction for:

  1. actions for infringement of CDs,

  2. actions for threatened infringement and declaration of non-infringement, if national law provides for such kind of actions,

  3. actions for declaration of invalidity of an unregistered CD,

  4. counterclaims for declaration of invalidity of a CD raised in connection with actions under (a).

Pursuant to Article 80 (2) CDR, each Member State had to notify to the European Commission before 6 March 2005 a list of the Community trade mark courts together with their names and their territorial jurisdiction. Likewise, any changes to that list have to be notified to the European Commission. As long as a Member State has not notified the list to the European Commission, the competence as referred to in Article 80 CDR lies with the national courts which are competent, ratione loci and ratione materiae, in the case of proceedings concerning a national design registered in that Member State, that is, as if the CD were a national design registered in that State (Article 80 (5) CDR).

Any list and any amendment thereof notified by a Member State must be published by the European Commission in the Official Journal of the European Communities (Article 80 (4) CDR). The Office will republish such notifications in its Official Journal. However, the effect that the courts notified by the Member State become competent instead of the courts normally competent for national trade marks is not dependent on this publication in the Official Journal of the European Communities.

The following table lists the Community design courts as notified up to now by the Member States. Where applicable, the reference to the publication in the Official Journal of the European Communities or the Official Journal of the Office is given as well. The table, moreover, lists the Community design courts which have merely been designated by the Member States in their national law without having been notified yet to the Commission.

Page 167

Member State
Community trade mark courts
Reference of Publication
Austria CD court of first instance:
- Handelsgericht Wien
CD court of second instance:
- Oberlandesgericht Wien
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Section 4b (2) of the Protection of Designs Act
Section 4 of the Civil Jurisdiction Act
Belgium CD court of first instance:
- Tribunal de Commerce de Bruxelles / Rechtbank van Koophandel te
Brussel
CD court of second instance:
- Cour d'appel de Bruxelles / Hof van Beroep te Brussel
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Cyprus
Czech
Republic
CD court of first instance:
- Mestský soud v Praze
CD court of second instance:
- Vrchní soud v Praze
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 47 of the Designs Act
Administrative Procedure Code
Denmark CD court of first instance:
- Sø- og Handelsretten, Copenhagen
CD court of second instance:
- Højesteret, Copenhagen
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 42, Section 2 and Article 43 of the Danish Designs Act
Estonia CD court of first instance:
- Harju Maakohus
CD court of second instance:
- Tallinna Ringkonnakohus
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 877 of the Estonian Industrial Design Protection Act

Page 168

Member State
Community trade mark courts
Reference of Publication
Finland CD court of first instance:
- Helsingin Käräjäoikeus
CD court of second instance:
- Helsingin Hovioikeus
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 43 (2) of the Finnish Design Act
France
Germany CD court of first instance:
* Landgericht München I
* Landgericht Nürnberg-Fürth
* Landgericht Mannheim
* Landgericht Stuttgart
* Landgericht Berlin
* Landgericht Bremen
* Landgericht Hamburg
* Landgericht Frankfurt am Main
* Landgericht Neubrandenburg
* Landgericht Rostock
* Landgericht Schwerin
* Landgericht Stralsund
* Landgericht Braunschweig
* Landgericht Düsseldorf
* Landgericht Bad Kreuznach
* Landgericht Frankenthal (Pfalz)
* Landgericht Kaiserslautern
* Landgericht Koblenz
* Landgericht Landau in der Pfalz
* Landgericht Mainz
* Landgericht Trier
* Landgericht Zweibrücken
* Landgericht Saarbrücken
* Landgericht Bautzen
* Landgericht Chemnitz
* Landgericht Dresden
* Landgericht Görlitz
* Landgericht Leipzig
* Landgericht Zwickau
* Landgericht Magdeburg
* Landgericht Flensburg
* Landgericht Itzehoe
* Landgericht Kiel
* Landgericht Lübeck
* Landgericht Erfurt

Page 169

Member State
Community trade mark courts
Reference of Publication
CD court of second instance:
* Oberlandesgericht München
* Oberlandesgericht Nürnberg
* Oberlandesgericht Karlsruhe
* Oberlandesgericht Stuttgart
* Kammergericht Berlin
* Hanseatisches Oberlandesgericht Bremen
* Hanseatisches Oberlandesgericht Hamburg
* Oberlandesgericht Frankfurt am Main
* Oberlandesgericht Rostock
* Oberlandesgericht Braunschweig
* Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf
* Pfälzisches Oberlandesgericht Zweibrücken
* Oberlandesgericht Koblenz
* Saarländisches Oberlandesgericht Saarbrücken
* Oberlandesgericht Dresden
* Oberlandesgericht Naumburg
* Schleswig-Holsteinisches Oberlandesgericht
* Thüringer Oberlandesgericht
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Greece CD court of first instance:
* Thessaloniki City Court
* Athens City Court
CD court of second instance:
* Thessaloniki Court of Appeal
* Athens Court of Appeal
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 9 of Law 2934/2001
Hungary CD court of first instance:
- Fovárosi Biróság
CD court of second instance:
- Fovárosi Itélotábla
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Section 60 E of the 2001 Protection of Designs Act (XL VIII)
Ireland CD court of first instance:
- the High Court
CD court of second instance:
- the Supreme Court
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
I
E-S.I. No. 27 of 2003

Page 170

Member State
Community trade mark courts
Reference of Publication
Italy CD court of first instance:
* Tribunale di Bari
* Tribunale di Bologna
* Tribunale di Catania
* Tribunale di Firenze
* Tribunale di Genova
* Tribunale di Milano
* Tribunale di Napoli
* Tribunale di Palermo
* Tribunale di Roma
* Tribunale di Torino
* Tribunale di Trieste
* Tribunale di Venezia
CD court of second instance:
* Corte d'appello di Bari
* Corte d'appello di Bologna
* Corte d'appello di Catania
* Corte d'appello di Firenze
* Corte d'appello di Genova
* Corte d'appello di Milano
* Corte d'appello di Napoli
* Corte d'appello di Palermo
* Corte d'appello di Roma
* Corte d'appello di Torino
* Corte d'appello di Trieste
* Corte d'appello di Venezia
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 15 No 273, Codice del diritto della proprietá industriale
Latvia CD court of first instance:
- Rigas Apgabaltiesa
CD court of second instance:
- Augstakas tiesas Civillietu tiesu palata.
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Lithuania CD court of first instance:
- Vilniaus apygardos teismas
CD court of second instance:
- Apeliacinis Teismas
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 46, part (2) 4, Law No IX-1181
Article 301 part 3, Civil Code of the Republic of Lithuania

Page 171

Member State
Community trade mark courts
Reference of Publication
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands CD court of first instance:
- Arrondissementsrechtbank te 's - Gravenhage
CD court of second instance:
- Gerechtshof te 's - Gravenhage
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Uitvoeringswet EG-verordening betreffende Gemeenschapsmodellen
Poland CD court of first instance:
- Sad Okregowy w Warszawie - Sad Wspólnotowych Znaków
Towarowych i Wzorów Przemyslowych
CD court of second instance:
- Sad Apelacyjny w Warszawie
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Law of 16 April 2004 amending the law on the statute of the common courts
Portugal CD court of first instance:
- Tribunal do Comércio de Lisboa
CD court of second instance:
- Tribunal da Relação de Lisboa
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 40, PT-IP Code
Slovakia CD court of first instance:
* Okresný súd v Bratislave I
* Okresný súd v Banskej Bystrici
* Okresný súd v Koziciach I
CD court of second instance:
* Krajský súd v Bratislave
* Krajský súd v Banskej Bystrici
* Krajský súd v Koziciach
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 11 of the Act No 371/2004 Coll. on Seats and Circuits of the Courts in the Slovak
Republic

Page 172

Member State
Community trade mark courts
Reference of Publication
Slovenia CD court of first instance:
- Okrozno sodizee v Ljubljani
CD court of second instance:
- Vizje sodizee v Ljubljani
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Articles 101 (1) (II) (4) and 104 (1) of the Act on Courts (Official Gazette No 100/2005)
Spain CD court of first instance:
- Juzgados de lo Mercantil de Alicante
CD court of second instance:
- Audiencia Provincial de Alicante
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 2 (4) of the "Ley Orgánica 8/2003, de 9 de julio, para la Reforma Concursal, por la que
se modifica la Ley Orgánica 6/1985, de 1 de julio, del Poder Judicial"
Sweden CD court of first instance:
- Stockholms tingsrätt
CD court of second instance:
- Svea hovrätt, Stockholm
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
Article 52 of the Swedish Act on Design Protection
General Swedish Rules on Jurisdiction
United
Kingdom
CD court of first instance:
* The High Court
* The Patents County Court
* The Court of Session
CD court of second instance:
- The Court of Appeal
Notification in accordance with Article 80 (1) CDR, addressed to the European Commission
The Community Designs Regulations 2005
State Community trade mark and design courts Reference
of
Publication
Bulgaria
Romania