Professional services regulation: estate agents

AuthorSchmid, Christoph U.; Pinkel, Tobias
Consum er mar ket stud y on the fun ctio ning of the r eal estate servi ces for consum ers in the EU Coun try Fiche Th e Net herlan ds
9. Professional services r egulat ion: estate agents
9.1 Mar ket entry and st ruct ure regulation
Ta ble 20: M ar ket ent ry an d st ru cture re gula tio n
Regu lati on
Subj ect ive
re quirement s
Qual ificati ons ( level and durati on of edu cation and
tr aini ng, diplom as, exa ms, train eeship s or
pr ofessi onal ex perien ce requ irem ent s, con cours)
requ ired to become an esta te agent in your cou ntr y.
Other acce ss requ irem ent s fo r a pro fessio nal (such
as com pulsory mem bership in prof ession al
bod ies/ comp ulsor y r egist rat ion, minimum age
requir ement s, cl ean cri min al r ecord , et c.)
Real estat e ag ents do n ot need a licence o r a special e ducat ion.
If the r eal est ate a gent want s to regist er i n t he “ Het
kw alit eitsr egist er van Makelaars” of t he Stichti ng Va stgoedCer t o r
wa nts to becom e a m em ber of o ne o f t he t hree pr ofessional
organisat ions, special educat ion requ irement s based on self -
regu lati on nee d t o be ful filled. Thi s is n ot, how ever, mandat ory but
may be im por tan t f or m arketi ng purposes. The requirements differ
dep ending on th e organ isation chosen by th e re al est ate ag ent.
Ob ject ive re qui rem ent s
Do num eru s clause s and ot her ob ject ive
requir ement s exist ?
Lice nce re qui rem en ts
Are est ate agen ts l icenc ed or do t hey work as
em pl oy ees?
No licen ce requ ired. Real estate a gent s t ypicall y w ork
indep enden tly , bu t al so larg e fir ms exist .
Cit ize nsh ip
re quirement s
Is u nlim it ed access t o t he pr ofession granted to
foreign pr ofession als de iu re and de fact o?
I nt er -p rof ession al
coo per ation
Are est ate agen ts a llow ed t o exerci se an oth er
pr ofessi on o r busi ness act ivity ? I s int er-p rofe ssional
cooper ati on r egulat ed?
Not reg ulat ed
Busin ess st ru ctu re
Share of est ate agen t acting as sole
pr actit ione rs an d as comp anies ( if d ata are
Can the agen t be emp loyed by anot her agen t
or establi sh a part nership with ot her agent s?
Are th ere any rest ricti ons on t he cor pora te
stru cture of a real esta te enterp rise ( such as
Not reg ulat ed

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