Tax Law (Books and Journals)
- European Financial Management From Nbr. 1-1, March 1995 to Nbr. 26-4, September 2020 Wiley, 2021
- La armonización del impuesto sobre hidrocarburos en la Unión Europea by: Dykinson, 2014
- Tratado de Aduanas e Impuestos Especiales by: J.M. Bosch Editor, 2013
- Las cláusulas anti-abuso específicas tributarias frente a las libertades de circulación de la Unión Europea by: J.M. Bosch Editor, 2010
- Reforma y armonización de la fiscalidad de los grupos societarios europeos by: J.M. Bosch Editor, 2009
- Studi Tributari Europei From Nbr. 1, June 2009 to Nbr. 1/2018, January 2018 Scuola Europea di Alti Studi Tributari, 2009
- European Tax Studies From Nbr. 1, June 2009 to Nbr. 1/2018, January 2018 Scuola Europea di Alti Studi Tributari, 2009
- Estudios Tributarios Europeos From Nbr. 1, June 2009 to Nbr. 1/2018, January 2018 Scuola Europea di Alti Studi Tributari, 2009
Estimating portfolio risk for tail risk protection strategies
We forecast portfolio risk for managing dynamic tail risk protection strategies, based on extreme value theory, expectile regression, copula‐GARCH and dynamic generalized autoregressive score models. Utilizing a loss function that overcomes the lack of elicitability for expected shortfall, we propose a novel expected shortfall (and value‐at‐risk) forecast combination approach, which dominates...
Trust, regulation, and contracting institutions
This paper demonstrates that trust directly influences contracting efficiency. We document that trust reduces demand for contract regulation and positively relates to a high‐quality contracting environment, supporting a substitution hypothesis. Furthermore, contract regulation no longer leads to poor contracting outcomes. These findings suggest that lack of trust significantly explains...
Keeping it real or keeping it simple? Ownership concentration measures compared
We analyze the distributional properties of ownership concentration measures and find that measures come from different underlying statistical distributions. Consistent with theory, some measures that are classified to represent a monitoring dimension have a positive influence on firm performance; other measures that are interpreted to represent a shareholder conflict dimension are negatively...
Managerial incentives for attracting attention
This paper studies the mechanisms which motivate managers to engage in cheap talk and attract the market's attention in a credible way. We consider stock split announcements, voluntary earnings forecasts, and press releases issued by firms to the media as proxies for managerial cheap talk. We show that: (a) managerial performance‐related pay contracts incentivize executives to attract attention; (
Bank credit constraints for women‐led SMEs: Self‐restraint or lender bias?
We test the existence of possible gender biases affecting firm behavior in demanding and obtaining bank credit using a cross‐country sample of European small‐ and medium‐sized enterprises (SMEs). We show consistent evidence that female‐led firms are more likely than their male counterparts to refrain from applying for loans. When they apply, female‐led enterprises do not seem to face gender...
- Issue Information: European Financial Management 4/2020
Investment and asset securitization with an option‐for‐guarantee swap
This article addresses the investment and financing decisions of entrepreneurs entering into option‐for‐guarantee swaps (OGSs). OGSs increase investment option value significantly. Entrepreneurs initially accelerate their investments and then postpone them as funding gaps grow. Guarantee costs increase with project risks when the funding gap is sufficiently small or large, but the opposite holds...
Banks' home bias in government bond holdings: Will banks in low‐rated countries invest in European safe bonds (ESBies)?
This paper offers two new explanations for banks' home bias in government bond holdings: a sovereign‐based rating cap on corporates and the existence of a ‘bank tax.’ These are complementary to the four explanations offered in the literature: risk‐shifting, gambling for resurrection, moral suasion, and a means to store liquidity for financing future investment. Collectively, they cast doubt on...
Why do stock repurchases change over time?
Recent studies have shown the time trends of firm stock repurchase behavior. We examine these time changes for stock repurchase through the lens of real activities earnings management. Managers appear more likely to manipulate earnings through stock repurchases since the passage of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act (SOX) in 2002. Furthermore, suspect firms that just missed analyst earnings per share...
Differences in CEO compensation under large and small institutional ownership
I examine the influence of large and small institutional investors on different components of chief executive officer (CEO) compensation, using US data for 2006–2015. An increase in large institutional ownership reduces total pay and current incentive compensation (i.e., options, stocks, bonus pay), whereas small institutional investors lower long‐term incentive pay (i.e., pension, deferred pay,...
Innovations in financing: The impact of anchor investors in Indian IPOs
In 2009, the Securities Exchange Board of India allowed qualified institutional investors to anchor initial public offerings (IPOs) by participating in the issue at a price and allocation publicly disclosed preceding the issue. We study anchor investors (AIs) in Indian IPOs during 2009–2017. We find the share allotment and the number of AIs separately have significant impacts on valuation and...
Characteristics of the financial system of Kosovo
The financial system in Kosovo since the post-war period and until the present has consistently increased in most of its values, which shows that financial institutions in Kosovo have established sound operation foundations by providing security and trust to clients. Banks are the only institution for injecting money into the economy. They are the key indicator in establishment of working places,
Does individualistic culture impact operational risk?
Employing a sample of 2,957 operational‐risk events across 31 countries from 1990 to 2011, we find that financial institutions located in countries with higher individualism tend to have higher operational risk. This positive relation is achieved through the risk‐taking channel and the earnings‐management channel. In addition, the magnitude of operational losses is higher in more individualistic...
Ownership ties, conflict of interest, and the tone of news
This paper investigates the tone newspapers use in reporting information on a company that it is linked with through an ownership tie. Our empirical setting is Italy, a country characterized by dominant national industrial groups’ high ownership of newspapers. Based on a sample of about 123,000 articles, we document that newspapers’ coverage of firms in conflict of interest is greater, with...
Forecasting recoveries in debt collection: Debt collectors and information production
Recent theoretical work suggests that debt collection agencies play an important role in gathering and processing debtor information. We study a comprehensive data set with information provided by original creditors and information gathered in third‐party debt collection. In line with the theoretical results, the initial information is sparse and the gathered information is essential for better‐in
Idiosyncratic momentum and the cross‐section of stock returns: Further evidence
In this article, we evaluate the profitability and economic source of the predictive power of the idiosyncratic momentum effect, by using five popular asset pricing models to construct the idiosyncratic momentum. We show that all five idiosyncratic momentum strategies produce similar return predictability and consistently outperform the conventional momentum strategy in the cross‐sectional...
Do bankers on the board reduce crash risk?
Commercial banker‐directors (CBDs) bring both financial expertise in risk management and conflicts of interest between shareholders and debtholders. The burgeoning literature on stock price crash risk generates important questions of whether CBDs reduce crash risk. Using BoardEx data from 1999 to 2009, we find supporting evidence that the firms with CBDs experience lower stock price crash risk....
Consumption, asset wealth, equity premium, term spread, and flight to quality
We link transitory deviations of consumption from its equilibrium relationship with aggregate wealth and labor income to equity returns on the one hand, and to two characteristics of bond investors—the premium demanded to hold long‐term assets, and “flight to quality” behavior—on the other hand. Using a panel of 10 euro area countries over the period 1984Q1–2017Q4, we show that a rise in the...
Credit risk, owner liability, and bank loan maturities during the global financial crisis
We relate credit risk and owners’ personal guarantees to bank loan maturities during the global financial crisis. The findings, which remain robust to reverse causality, show that firms rated as low risk, with a strong relationship with the bank, whose owners provided personal guarantees and with large loan sizes obtained longer maturities. Banks with larger nonperforming loans provided loans...
Social media bots and stock markets
This study examines the link between information spread by social media bots and stock trading. Based on a large sample of tweets mentioning 55 companies in the FTSE 100 composites, we find significant relations between bot tweets and stock returns, volatility, and trading volume at both daily and intraday levels. These results are also confirmed by an event study of stock response following...
Does market power discipline CEO power? An agency perspective
We examine how product market competition (PMC) shapes chief executive officer's (CEO) power. Using various measures to capture both PMC and CEO power, our analyses, which include a quasi‐natural experiment, find evidence that CEOs have less power when the product market is more competitive. Furthermore, the impact of PMC on CEO power is more pronounced for firms with entrenched management, lower
- Issue Information: European Financial Management 3/2020
When fund management skill is more valuable?
Does fund management skill allow managers to identify mispriced securities more accurately and thereby make better portfolio choices resulting in superior fund performance when noise trading – a natural setting to detect skill – is more prevalent? We find skilled fund managers with superior past performance to generate persistent excess risk‐adjusted returns and experience significant capital...
Cash holdings in family firms: CEO identity and implications for firm value
We investigate the cash holdings policy of family firms and examine potential value implications. Family firms hold more cash than other firms, with an average difference of 2.3% of total assets. This result is driven by firms managed by heir CEOs. While the cash holdings policy of first‐generation family firms is more sensitive to firm risk, consistent with founders’ increased risk aversion,...
Do security breaches matter? The shareholder puzzle
This article analyzes the effect of computer breaches on publicly traded equities from 2005 to 2017. An event study is performed and breaches analyzed conditioned on whether the breach announcement has been made in the mainstream media or through other channels. We find that in the period prior to the announcement date in the media, the mean abnormal return is negative, reflecting a likely...
Intra‐industry bankruptcy contagion: Evidence from the pricing of industry recovery rates
How does bankruptcy contagion propagate among industry peers? We study the debt recovery channel of industry contagion by examining whether the cost of a company's debt is affected by the observed recovery rates of its bankrupt industry peers. Our results show that lower industry recovery rates are associated with higher loan spreads, but only when the contracts were originated during industry...
News sentiment and sovereign credit risk
We explore the impact of media content on sovereign credit risk. Our measure of media tone is extracted from the Thomson Reuters News Analytics database. As a proxy for sovereign credit risk we consider credit default swap (CDS) spreads, which are decomposed into their risk premium and default risk components. We find that media tone explains and predicts CDS returns and is a mixture of noise and
- Issue Information: European Financial Management 2/2020
Downside beta and the cross section of equity returns: A decade later
This study reexamines the relation between downside beta and equity returns in the United States. First, we replicate the 2006 work of Ang, Chen, and Xing who find a positive relation between downside beta and future equity returns for equal‐weighted portfolios of NYSE stocks. We show that this relation doesn't hold after using value‐weighted returns or controlling for various return determinants.
Motivated monitoring by institutional investors and firm investment efficiency
We find that motivated monitoring by institutional investors mitigates firm investment inefficiency, estimated by Richardson's (2006) approach. This relation is robust when using the annual reconstitution of the Russell indexes as exogenous shocks to institutional ownership during the period 1995–2015 and after classifying institutional ownership by institution type. We also show that closer...