Different aspects of modern administration

Autore:Edyta Sokalska
Pagine:445-455
 
ESTRATTO GRATUITO
445
EDYTA SOKALSKA*
DIFFERENT ASPECTS OF MODERN ADMINISTRATION
In the last few decades, fundamental changes transformed societies
all over the world. These changes included the development of a global
economy and the rapid progress and widespread adoption of information
technology. Cooperation between different countries in dealing with the new
ways of administration and government started to be an important issue. The
present study analyses recent theoretical trends of modern public
administration and deals with rational models of administration. There are
also shown connections between different theories of administration as well
as modern academic researches connected with this theme.
The public sector underwent a huge transformation, leading to the
emergence of what has been called the New Public Management (NPM).
New Public Management is a kind of management philosophy used by
governments since the 1980s to modernize the public sector. NPM is a
broad and very complex term used to describe the wave the public sector
reforms throughout the world since that time. Based on public choice and
managerial schools of thought, new public management seeks to enhance
the efficiency of the public sector and the control that government has
over it. The main hypothesis in the NPM reform is that more market
orientation in the public sector will lead to greater cost-efficiency for
governments, without having negative side effects other objectives and
considerations. Some modern authors say that New Public Management
has already reached the top and they proclaim that NPM is ‘dead’. They
argue that the cutting edge of change has moved on to digital era
governance focusing on reintegrating concerns into government control,
holistic government and digitalization. And as a result of this, in the
1990s and early 21st century was put forward a new model of public
administration – the New Public Service. It was proposed by Robert B.
Denhardt and Janet Vinzant Denhardt and focused on people being treated as
‘citizens’ rather than ‘customers’. They regard the citizen’s primary role as a
participation in the government and activity throughout the process of
implementing policy, instead of the end product of policies.
In the last few decades, fundamental changes transformed societies
all over the world. These changes included the development of a global
economy and the rapid progress and widespread adoption of information
technology. Cooperation between different countries in dealing with the
* The University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland.

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