National and ethnic minorities in Poland and their status according to the domestic law

Autore:Roman Kisiel - Wieslawa Lizinska - Szymon Kisiel
Pagine:363-369
 
ESTRATTO GRATUITO
363
ROMAN KISIEL, DR WIESŁAWA LIZISKA, SZYMON KISIEL
NATIONAL AND ETHNIC MINORITIES IN POLAND AND
THEIR STATUS ACCORDING TO THE DOMESTIC LAW
Introduction
The direction of the policy towards national minorities chosen by the
States has immense influence on the situation of minority groups in those
countries. The specification of that policy is identified with identification
of the needs, behaviors and expectations of communities, in particular the
communities of individual national minorities as important in Poland.
The national minority is the community that lives in a given country but
differs from other citizens by its national characteristics. The national
minority is differentiated by the language, culture, beliefs, tradition or
religion (Ethnicity, nationalism and minority rights 2004, KISIEL,
SATKIEWICZ 2009).
In Poland the policies towards the national minorities were different
under the two systems. As a consequence it gave raise to different
expectations of that community concerning its legal, political and social
situation. In Poland, at the threshold of 1990s a significant change took
place in the policy of the State towards the national minorities (BARCZ
1990). Not only establishing the effective legal and political protection of
those groups, but also a change in their perception by the majority
became a challenge to the policy towards that minority. That issue was,
undoubtedly, difficult because from the very beginning it was burdened
with overcoming the historical memory and political past (ŁODZISKI
2005).
Acceptance of the rights of the people belonging to national and
ethnic minorities became the political condition for accession of not only
Poland, but also other European countries to the European Community.
The radical change in the entire global policy of the Central and Eastern
Europe during the early 1990s forced setting the protection of national
minorities in Poland in the wide perspective of bilateral and regional
relations. Regulation of the status of national minorities in the legal
system of Poland through introduction of the constitutional protection of
minorities and the special legal acts caused no major doubts although the
special, statutory regulation for protection of the minorities (the Act of
the 6th of January 2005 on national and ethnic minorities and the regional
language) resulted in new storm centers of many disputes (KISIEL,
SATKIEWICZ 2008).

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