PROTECTION OF COMPETITION AT THE MARKET AS A
GUARANTEE FOR FREEDOM OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
IN POLAND AND THE EUROPEAN UNION
The concept of social market economy formulated by the German
ordoliberals and used for the first time in the post-war Germany has
become also the basis for the economic order of the other states of the
European Union. One of its pillars is the freedom of business activities,
which does not only mean that the possibility for everyone to start
production and trading of any given goods by using all of the forms of
such activities which are tolerated by law. The freedom of business
activity also means excluding the possibility of creating legal acts which
could monopolize the market and a legal obligation to counteract such
behaviour. It is only because in the conditions of a free-market
competition, close to the price system of perfect competition as
postulated by ordoliberals, a person running business activities will be
actually free, which means that the effects of one’s work will solemnly
depend on the person in question.
Ordoliberal market economy – a competitive economic system
As it was emphasized in the introduction, the concept of the social
market economy has been born within an economical trend called
ordoliberalism. This concept was seeking an answer to the question of
how an economic system should function, what should it be based on
in order to assure an effective functioning of the economy on one hand,
and to allow individuals to live in a responsible freedom on the other.1
Answers to that question were sought, among others, by W. Roepke, the
creator of the concept of “de-proletariatization of the masses through
universalization of ownership”2. Another representative of ordoliberalism, A.
Rostow, warned against the dangers of arbitral interferences in the market
(made by the state), at the same time allowing it the right for the so-called
liberal interventions. According to him, the optimal economical system was
* John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin.
1 Por. T.T. KACZMAREK, Ludwig Erhard i społeczna gospodarka rynkowa, W-wa
2004, pp. 123.
2 A concept similar to the postulates of Pius XI from the encyclical Ouadragesimo Anno.